Istri Nabi Maria Al Qabtiya
Mei 23, 2007 in Pernikahan Rasulullah
Ada tuduhan baru lagi, kali ini mengenai Maria Al Qibtiya. Nabi dikatakan berzina dengan Maria dan melahirkan Ibrahim. Benarkah demikian ?
Apa zina ? Zina adalah hubungan pria dan wanita yang dilarang oleh Allah.
Perhatikan ayat berikut mengenai hubungan yang dibolehkah oleh Allah
70. Al Ma´aarij
29. Dan orang-orang yang memelihara kemaluannya,
30. kecuali terhadap isteri-isteri mereka atau budak-budak yang mereka miliki, maka sesungguhnya mereka dalam hal ini tiada tercela.
Jelas budak adalah halal, lihat lagi ini
24. An Nuur
33. Dan orang-orang yang tidak mampu kawin hendaklah menjaga kesucian (diri)nya, sehingga Allah memampukan mereka dengan karunia-Nya. Dan budak-budak yang kamu miliki yang memginginkan perjanjian, hendaklah kamu buat perjanjian dengan mereka, jika kamu mengetahui ada kebaikan pada mereka, dan berikanlah kepada mereka sebahagian dari harta Allah yang dikaruniakan-Nya kepadamu. Dan janganlah kamu paksa budak-budak wanitamu untuk melakukan pelacuran, sedang mereka sendiri mengingini kesucian, karena kamu hendak mencari keuntungan duniawi. Dan barangsiapa yang memaksa mereka, maka sesungguhnya Allah adalah Maha Pengampun lagi Maha Penyayang (kepada mereka) sesudah mereka dipaksa itu.
Sekarang lihat bagaimana dengan Kasus Maria Al Qabtiya.
Beliau ini salah satu Istri Nabi. Beliau ini adalah pelayan raja mesir yang diberikan kepada Nabi muhammad beserta beberapa pemberian yang lainnya. Jadi di bilang budak tidak cocok Senyum manis
Beliau menemani nabi selama 3 tahun sebelum nabi wafat. Dan 5 tahun beliau hidup setelah kematian nabi, dan selama itu tidak pernah keluar kecuali dua hal yang dilakukan mengunjungi makama nabi atau mengunjungi makam anaknya Ibrahim…
Demikian cinta dan setianya dia dengan Nabi… menunjukkan bagaimana bagaimana baiknya perlakuan nabi terhadap dia.
Maria al-Qibtiyya (Arabic: مارية القبطية (alternatively, “Maria Qupthiya”), or Maria the Copt, (died 637) was a Coptic Christian slave who was sent as a gift from Muqawqis, a Byzantine official, to the Islamic prophet Muhammad in 628. According to most Islamic accounts, she was Muhammad’s wife, and therefore a “Mother of the Believers” (Arabic: Umm-al-Momineen). However, many have claimed that she stayed as a concubine. She was the mother of Muhammad’s son Ibrahim, who died in infancy. Her sister, Sirin, was also sent to Muhammad; Muhammad gave her to be married to his follower Hassan ibn Thabit. Maria never remarried after Muhammad’s death in 632, and died five years later. Her birthdate is unknown, though she was probably young when she was presented. Many Islamic accounts say that she was twenty, but no primary source mentions her age.
* 1 Year of the deputations
* 2 Maria in Muhammad’s household
* 3 Notes
* 4 References
 Year of the deputations
In the Islamic year 6 AH (627 – 628 CE), Muhammad is said to have written letters to the great rulers of the Middle East, proclaiming the new faith and warning the rulers to submit. What purport to be texts of some of the letters are found in Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari’s History of the Prophets and Kings, which was written some 250 years after the events it chronicled. Tabari writes that a deputation was sent to an Egyptian governor named as al-Muqawqis. A note in the State University of New York edition of Tabari states that this seems to be a version of Cyrus of the Caucasus, who was the Byzantine Patriarch of Alexandria. The note adds that Cyrus did not become Patriarch until 631, and that an account placing him in Egypt three or four years earlier is therefore questionable.
Tabari does, however, recount the story of Maria’s arrival from Egypt:
In this year Hātib b. Abi Balta’ah came back from al-Muqawqis bringing Māriyah and her sister Sīrīn, his female mule Duldul, his donkey Ya’fūr, and sets of garments. With the two women al-Muqawqis had sent a eununch, and the latter stayed with them. Hātib had invited them to become Muslims before he arrived with them, and Māriyah and her sister did so. The Messenger of God lodged them with Umm Sulaym bt. Milhān. Māriyah was beautiful. The Prophet sent her sister Sīrīn to Hassān b. Thābit and she bore him ‘Abd al-Rahmān b. Hassān.
—Tabari, History of the Prophets and Kings.
 Maria in Muhammad’s household
Many Muslim sources say that Muhammad later freed and married Maria, but it is not clear if this is historical fact or historical apology. Some Muslim traditions claim that Muhammmad offered to free Maria, but that she chose to remain a slave. To further complicate matters, slaves were to be automatically freed upon conversion to Islam, so it is not clear why Maria would have to be explicitly freed if she had already converted.
The fact that Maria was not housed with Muhammad’s other wives argues that she was a concubine. Muhammad lived in a mud-brick dwelling next to the Medina mosque, and each of his wives had her own mud-brick room, built in a line next to his. Maria, however, was lodged in a house on the edge of Medina. Maria is also not listed as a wife in some of the earliest sources, such as Ibn Hisham’s notes on Ibn Ishaq’s Sira (Guillaume 691 – 798). Muslim sources are unanimous in saying that she was accorded the same honor and respect given Muhammad’s wives, pointing out that she was given the same title as Muhammad’s wives – “Mother of the Believers.”
Maria bore Muhammad a son, Ibrahim ibn Muhammad. Only one other of Muhammad’s wives, the deceased Khadijah, had borne him children. Ibrahim died in infancy, but as long as he lived, Muhammad was a doting parent.
Muhammad’s attentions to Maria certainly caused dissension among his other wives. This is related in numerous hadith. What is not so clear is whether or not the sixty-sixth chapter of the Qur’an, surah At-Tahrim, was revealed on account of Maria. The sura reads, in part:
O Prophet, why do you make prohibited that which God has made lawful for you just to please your wives? God is forgiving and merciful. God has given absolution from such oaths. He is your master. He is all-knowing and wise. The Prophet made a story secret to one of his wives and she repeated it, but God revealed it to him. If he divorces you, perhaps his Lord will give him instead better wives than yourselves.
After a quarrel, Muhammad is said to have separated from his wives, sleeping by himself, until his wives humbly begged him to return to them. Some historians and commentators say that the quarrel was caused by the other wives’ jealousy of Maria. Other commentators say that the wives Aisha and Hafsa bint Umar had conspired against Zaynab bint Jahsh; this is known as the story of the honey. Some Western writers, such as Gilchrist and Rodinson, feel that the “story of the honey” is an expurgated version of the story of Maria.
1. ^ Ibn Ishaq, The Life of Muhammad, p. 653.
2. ^ a b Tabari, p. 131.
3. ^ Tabari, p. 98.
4. ^ Gilchrist, Muhammad and the Religion of Islam.
5. ^ Rodinson, Maxime, Muhammad.
* Gilchrist, John. Muhammad and the Religion of Islam. Benoni, Republic of South Africa, 1986.
* Ibn Ishaq, translation by A. Guillaume (1955). The Life of Muhammad. Oxford University Press.
* Rodinson, Maxime Muhammad. Random House, Inc., New York, 2002.
* Tabari (1997). Vol. 8 of the Tarikh al-Rusul wa al-Muluk. State University of New York Press.
sumber: Wikipedia English
Maria al-Qibtiyya (may Allah be pleased with her) is said to have married the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and certainly everyone gave her the same title of respect as the Prophet’s wives, ‘Umm al Muminin’ ‘Mother of the Believers’. Maria was born in upper Egypt of a Coptic father and Greek mother and moved to the court of the Muqawqis when she was still very young. She arrived in Medina to join the Prophet’s household just after the Prophet returned from the treaty with Quraish which was contracted at al-Hudaybiyya. Maria gave birth to a healthy son in 9 AH, the same year that his daughter Zaynab died, and the Prophet named his new son Ibrahim, after the ancestor of both the Jews and the Christians, the Prophet from whom all the Prophets who came after him were descended. Unfortunately, when he was only eighteen months old, Ibrahim became seriously ill and died. Even though he knew that his small son would go to the Garden, the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) could not help shedding some tears. When some of his Companions asked him why he was weeping, he replied, “It is my humanness.”
As Ibrahim’s body was being buried, the sun was eclipsed and it grew dark and gloomy. Some people thought this was connected with Ibrahim’s death, but the Prophet soon clarified this. “The sun and the moon are two of Allah’s signs,” he said, “they are not eclipsed because of anyone’s birth or death. When you see these signs, make haste to remember Allah in prayer.” Although the kafirun used to mock the Prophet Muhammad because he had no sons, and say that he was ‘cut off’ , Allah made it clear in the following surah that the station of the Prophet Muhammad was far above that of any other man;
In the name of Allah, The Merciful, the Compassionate: Surely We have given you AL Khawthar, so pray to your Lord and offer sacrifice. Surely he who mocks you is the one cut off. (Quran 108:1-3)
Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets, and Allah has knowledge of all things. (Quran 33:40)
Maria was honored and respected by the Prophet and his family and Companions. She spent three years of her life with the Prophet, until his death, and died five years later in 16 AH, (may Allah be pleased with her) For the last five years of her life, she remained a recluse and almost never went out except to visit the grave of the Prophet or her son’s grave. After her death, Umar ibn al Khattab led the prayer over her and she was buried in al Baqi.
Maymuna bint al-Harith, (may Allah be pleased with her), married the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in 7 AH, when the Prophet was sixty years old and she was thirty six years old. Maymuna’s sister, Umm al-Fadl Lubaba, was the mother of Abdullah ibn Abbas, the son of one of the uncles of the Prophet and the one of the wisest of his Companions. Umm al-Fadl was one of the earliest Companions of the Prophet. Once Abu Lahab, the enemy of Allah and the Messenger of Allah, entered the house of his brother, al-Abbas, and proceeded to attack Abbas client, Abu Rafi, because he had embraced Islam. Abu Lahab knocked him to the ground and knelt on him, continuing to beat him. Umm al Fadl grabbed a post that was there and cracked it across Abu Lahab’s head, saying, “Will you victimize him because his master is absent?” He treated in shame and died a week later.
Zaynab bint Khuzayma, Umm al Muminin, was also her half-sister. Her other sisters included Asma bint Umays, the wife of Ja’far ibn Abi Talib, who later married Abu Bakr, and Salma bint Umays, the wife of Hamza, the “Lion of Allah”. Her full sisters were Lubaba, Asma and Izza. Maymuna was thus one of the ‘Ahlul- Bayt’ , ‘the people of the House’, not only by virtue of being a wife of the Prophet, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) but also because she was related to him. Zayd bin Arqam related that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “I implore you by Allah! The People of my House!” three times. Zayd was asked who were the People of the House, and he said, “The family of Ali ibn Abi Talib, the family of Jafar ibn Abi Talib, the family Aqil ibn Abi Talib, and the family of Al Abbas ibn Abdal Muttalib.”
Maymuna or Barra as she was then called, yearned to marry the Prophet. She went to her sister, Umm al Fadl to talk to her about that and she, in turn, spoke to her husband, al-Abbas. Al-Abbas immediately went to the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) with Maymuna’s offer of marriage to him and her proposal was accepted. When the good news reached her, she was on a camel, and she immediately got off the camel and said, “The camel and what is on it is for the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).” They were married in the month of Shawwal in 7 AH just after the Muslims of Medina were permitted to visit Mecca under the terms of the treaty of Hudaybiyya to perform umra. Allah Almighty sent the following ayat about this:
Any believing woman who dedicates herself to the Prophet if the Prophet wishes to wed her, that is only for thee and not for the believers. (Quran 33:50)
The Prophet gave her the name, Maymuna, meaning “blessed”, and Maymuna lived with the Prophet for just over three years, until his death. She was obviously very good natured and got on well with everyone, and no quarrel or disagreement with any of the Prophet’s other wives has been related about her. ‘A’isha said about her, “Among us, she had the most fear of Allah and did the most to maintain ties of kinship.” It was in her room that the Prophet first began to feel the effects of what became his final illness and asked the permission of his wives to stay in A’isha’s room while it lasted.
After the Prophet’s death, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) Maymuna continued to live in Medina for another forty years, dying at the age of eighty, in 51 AH, (may Allah be pleased with her), being the last of the Prophet’s wives to die. She asked to be buried where had married the Prophet at Saraf and her request was carried out. It is related that at the funeral of Maymuna, Ibn Abbas said, “This is the wife of Allah’s Messenger, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) so when you lift her bier, do not shake her or disturb her, but be gentle.” It is also related by Ibn Abbas that he once stayed the night as a guest of Maymuna, who was his aunt, and the Prophet, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) They slept on their blanket lengthways and he slept at the end, crossways. After they had all slept for awhile, the Prophet rose in the middle of the night to pray the tahajjud prayer, and Ibn Abbas joined him.
They both did wudu, and he prayed eleven rakats with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Then they both went back to sleep again until dawn. Bilal called the adhan, and the Prophet did another two short rakats, before going into the mosque to lead the Dawn Prayer.
Ibn Abbas said that one of the dua’ahs that the Prophet made during this night was : “O Allah, place light in my heart, light in my tongue, light in my hearing, light on my sight, light behind me, light in front of me, light on my right, light on my left, light above me and light below me; place light in my sinew, in my flesh, in my blood, in my hair and in my skin; place light in my soul and make light abundant for me; make me light and grant me light.”
It is commonly agreed that it was after the Prophet had married Maymuna, giving him now nine wives (A’isha, Sawda, Hafsa, Umm Salama, Zainab bint Jahsh, Juwayriyya, Umm Habiba, Safiyya and Maymuna), that the following ayat was revealed:
It is not lawful for you (O Muhammad, to marry more) women after this, nor to exchange them for other wives, even though their beauty is pleasing to you, except those whom your right hand possesses (as maid servants); and Allah is always watching over everything. (Quran 33:52)
After this, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did not marry again. When however, the Christian ruler, or Muqawqis, of Egypt, sent him two Christian slave girls 0 who were sisters as a gift (in response to the Prophet’s letter inviting him to embrace Islam), along with a fine robe and some medicine the Prophet, accepted one of the slave girls, Maria, into his household; he gave her sister Serene, to a man whom he wished to honor, namely Hassan ibn Thabit; he accepted the robe; and he returned the medicine with the message, “My Sunna is my medicine!” This occurred in 7 AH, when the Prophet was sixty years old and Maria was twenty years old.