Posted by zein on May 21, ’07 5:17 AM for everyone

Aisyah Ummul Mukminin berkata:”Tersebarlah berita kepada manusia bahwa Rasulullah shalallahu alaihi wassalam telah menikahi Juwairiyah binti Al-Harits bin Abi Dhirar. maka orang-orang berkata:”Kerabat Rasulullah shalallahu alaihi wassalam!maka mereka melepaskan tawanan perang yang mereka bawa, maka sungguh dengan pernikahan beliau dengan Juwairiyah menjadi sebab dibebaskannya seratus keluarga dari Bani Mushthaliq, maka aku tidak pernah mengetahui seorang wanita yang lebih berkah bagi kaumnya daripada Juwairiyah”.

Beliau adalah juwairiyah binti Al-Harits bin Abi Dhirar bin Al-Habib Al-Khuza’iyah Al-Mushthaliqiyah. Beliau adalah secantik-cantik wanita yang ditawan tatkala kaum muslimin mengalahkan Bani Mushthaliq pada saat perang Muraisi .

Hasil undian Juwairiyah adalah bagian untuk Tsabit bin Qais bin Syamas atau anak pamannya, tatkala itu Juwairiyah berumur 20 tahun. Dan,akhirnya beliau selamat dari kehinaan sebagai tawanan/rampasan perang dan kerendahannya. Beliau menulis untuk Tsabit bi Qais (bahwa beliau hendak menebus dirinya), kemudian mendatangi Rasulullah shalallahu alaihi wassalam agar mau menolong untuk menebus dirinya. Maka menjadi ibalah hati Nabi Shalallahu alaihi wassalam melihat kondisi seorang wanita yang mulanya seorang sayyidah merdeka yang mana dia memohon beliau untuk mengentaskan ujian yang menimpa dirinya. Maka beliau bertanya pada Juwairiyah,”Maukah engkau mendapatkan yang lebih baik dari hal itu?” maka dia menjawab dengan sopan,”Apakah itu ya Rasulullah?” beliau menjawab,”Aku tebus dirimu kemudian aku nikahi dirimu!” maka tersiratlah pada wajahnya yang cantik suatu kebahagiaan, sedangkan dia hampir-hampir tidak perduli dengan kemerdekaan dia karena remehnya, beliau menjawab,”Mau ya, Rasulullah”.Maka Rasulullah shalallahu alaihi wassalam bersabda:”Aku telah melakukannya”

Dan Ummul Mukminin Aisyah menceritakan perihal pribadi Juwairiyah:”Juwairiyah adalah seorang wanita yang manis dan cantik, tiada seorangpun yang melihatnya melainkan akan jatuh hati kepadanya. Tatkala Juwairiyah meminta kepada Rasulullah untuk membebaskan dirinya, sedangkan demi Allah aku telah melihatnya melalui pintu kamarku, maka aku merasa cemburu karena saya menduga bahwa Rasulullah shalallahu alaihi wassalam akan melihat sebagaimana yang aku lihat”(1)

Maka masuklah pengantin wanita, sayyidah Bani Mushthaliq kedalam rumah tangga nubuwwah. Pada mulanya nama beliau adalah Burrah, namun Rasulullah menggantinya dengan Juwairiyah karena khawatir dia dikatakan keluar dari biji gandum.(2)

Ibnu Hajar menyebutkan didalam Ishabah tentang kuatnya iman Juwairiyah radhiyallau anha. Beliau berkata :”Ayah Juwairiyah mendatangi Rasul dan berkata:”Sesungguhnya anakku tidak berhak ditawan, karena terlalu mulia dari hal itu. Maka Nabi Shalallahu alaihi wassalam bersabda:”Bagaimana pendapatmu seandainya anakmu disuruh memilih diantara kita, apakah anda setuju?”. ”Baiklah”, katanya. Kemudian ayahnya mendatangi Juwairiyah dan menyuruhnya untuk memilih dirinya dengan Rasulullah maka beliau menjawab,”Aku memilih Allah dan Rasul-Nya”.

Ibnu Hisyam meriwayatkan bahwa akhirnya ayah beliau bernama Al-Harits masuk islam bersama kedua putranya dan beberapa orang dari kaumnya. ummul Mukminin Juwairiyah wafat pada tahun 50 hijriyah, adapula yang mengatakan tahun 56 Hijriyah.(3)

Semoga Allah merahmati Ummul Mukminin Juwairiyah, karena pernikahannya dengan Rasulullah shalallahu alaihi wassalam membawa barakah dan kebaikan yang menyebabkan kaumnya, keluarganya dan orang-orang yang dicintainya berpindah dari memalinglkan ibadah selian Allah dan kesyirikan, menuju kekbebasan dan cahaya islam beserta kewibawaannya. hal itu merupakan pelajaran bagi mereka yang bertanya-tanya tentang hikmah Rasulullah shalallahu aliahi wassalam beristri lebih dari satu.

Footnote:
1.As-Sirah Ibnu Hisyam II/293 dan Al-Ishabah VIII/43 dan Al-Istii’ab IV/1804.Hal ini telah disebutkan pula oleh As-Suhaili dalam penjelasannya terhadap as-Sirah beliau berkata:Adapun pandangan Nabi shalallahu alaihi wassalam kepada Juwairiyah sehingga beliau melihat kecantikannya, hal itu karena Juwairiyah adalah seorang budak, seandainya dia wanita merdeka, maka beliau tidak akan melihat kecantikannya…lagipula diperbolehkan melihat wanita manakala bermaksud untuk menikahinya.Telah disebutkan bahwa alaihis shalatu wassalam memberi rukhsah untuk memandang wanita manakala bermaksud untuk menikahinya”
2. Diriwayatkan oleh Muslim dari hadits Ibnu Abbas no.2140 dan Ahmad dalam Al-Musnad VI/429
3. Ath-Thabaqat Ibnu Sa’ad VIII/120

Dikutip dari:
An-Nisau Haular Rasul Mengenal Shahabiyah Nabi shalallahu alaihi wassalam,hal:81-83 At-Tibyan,Solo,2001.

sumber: Jilbab Online

Juwayriyya bint Harith

Juwayriyya bint Harith, may Allah be pleased with her, married the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in 5 AH, when the Prophet was fifty-eight years old and she was twenty, not long after his marriage to Zaynab bint Jahsh, and as a result of the Muslims ‘ successful campaign against the Banu Mustaliq who were swiftly defeated after the Prophet’s surprise attack. Among the captives taken in this campaign was the beautiful Juwayriyya, the daughter of al-Harith, who was the chief of the Banu Mustaliq. She was afraid that once the Muslims realized who she was, they would demand an exorbitant ransom for her safe release. After the Muslims had returned to Medina with their booty and prisoners, she demanded to see the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) hoping that he would help to prevent what she feared. Seeing how beautiful she was, A’isha was not keen on her seeing the Prophet.

But she persisted, and eventually she was permitted to see the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and was taken to him while he was with A’isha. After she had finished speaking, the Prophet thought for a moment, and then said, “Shall I tell you what would be better than this?”

He then asked her to marry him, and she immediately accepted. Although Juwayriyya was young and beautiful and of noble lineage, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) was thinking of how to save her and all her tribe from an ignoble fate. By marrying Juwayriyya, the Banu Mustaliq would be able to enter Islam with honor, and with the humiliation of their recent defeat removed, so that it would no longer be felt necessary by them to embark on a war of vengeance that would have continued until one of the two parties had been annihilated. As soon as the marriage was announced, all the booty that had been taken from the Banu Mustaliq was returned, and all the captives were set free, for they were now the in laws of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Thus A’isha once said of Juwayriyya, “I know of no woman who was more of a blessing to her people than Juwayriyya bint al-Harith.” After they were married, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) changed her name was Barra to Juwayriyya.

It has been related by Juwayriyya that early one morning the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) left her room while she was doing the dawn prayer. He returned later that morning and she was still sitting in the same place. “have you been sitting in the same place since I left you?” he asked. “Yes,” she replied. Whereupon the Prophet said, “I recited four phrases three times after I left you, and if these were to be weighed against what you have been reciting since dawn, they would still outweigh them. They are: ‘Glory be to Allah and Praise be to Him as much as the number of his creations, and His pleasure, and the weight of His Throne, and the ink of His words.'” Which reminds us of the following ayat of the Qur’an:

Say: ‘If the sea were the ink for the words of My Lord, truly the sea would be used up before the words of my Lord were completed, and even if We used the same again to assist. (Qur’an 18:109)

Juwayriyya was married to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) for six years, and lived for another thirty-nine years after his death, dying in 50 AH at the age of sixty-five, may Allah be pleased with her.

sumber: anwary-islam